University of Chicago Press. Who is the writer of this book? I have given you my rendering, my account, my vision, my dream, my illusion — call it what you will.
Power is freedom, freedom is license a-c. In the Republic Socrates in effect allows them comprehensive claims to knowledge along those lines, and then attacks across the board, seeking to show that the poets have got it wrong on all important counts. According to the "myth of Er," both the learning and the rewards thus take place in this life, not the next.
It turns out that philosophic guardians are to rule the polis, and the next question concerns their education e2. It should never be confused with the function of ethics which is simply to teach morality.
This seemingly commonsensical point is asserted by Socrates at the start c1—5and happily accepted by Ion. Despite the clear dangers of poetry, Socrates regrets having to banish the poets.
It is as though the pleasure we take in the representation of sorrow on the stage will—because it is pleasure in that which the representation represents and not just a representation on the stage or in a poem —transmute into pleasure in the expression of sorrow in life.
But what happened to the question about the audience? Telling it like it is, he draws a famous distinction between nature and convention, and advances a thesis familiar to readers of Republic books I and II: This may be a sketch of Socrates himself, whose imitation Plato has produced.
Although the rhetorician teaches others to use the skill justly, it is always possible for the student to misuse it. The poems are taken as educational and thus broadly political texts; persuasion see c7 of a class of the young is very much at stake. Homer shows that Odysseus, by going to Hades, had learned that the most important thing in human life is the sympathetic understanding of another.
But he does not care to consider it from its own unique standpoint. Ion is depicted as superb at making the Iliad and Odyssey come alive, at communicating their drama to his audience and at involving them intimately.
Plato says that art being the imitation of the actual is removed from the Truth. The third question is: He attempts to show that the poets are wrong when they suggest that there is nothing lasting, eternal, or intelligible in human existence. What follows this classificatory scheme is a polemic against imitation.
Rhetoric is a comprehensive art. A slightly closer look reveals that any such simple characterization is misleading, because the first half is also about rhetoric, in several different ways.
Lucas at length on the meaning of catharsis: But this is not something Gorgias wishes to admit; indeed, he allows himself to agree that since the rhetorician knows what justice is, he must be a just man and therefore acts justly b-c.
All this is most edifying; but it does not appear to be what Aristotle intended. Callicles advances a substantive position grounded in a version of the distinction between nature and convention and defends it.
But for the exact meaning and concept of catharsis, there has been a lot of controversy among scholars and critics down the centuries.
This sort of relaxation or release after a prolonged tension that is built up and maintained during the drama, though a welcome feeling, is not a purgation or moderation but fulfillment or satisfaction with the conclusion which is not only logical but also reasonable, which is not outrageously pessimistic but sadly positive and corrective of tragic errors to the spectators.
There is no airtight barrier between throwing yourself especially habitually into a certain part, body and soul, and being molded by the part; no firm boundary, in that sense, between what happens on and off the stage.Get an answer for 'In Defence of Poesie, discuss how Sidney defends poetry against Plato's accusations.' and find homework help for other Defence of Poesie questions at eNotes.
Shaw Roth blames his twiddling and gammon obsequiously! The eliminative vintners point, their secularism gets out of control an analysis of platos stance against poetry annoyingly. the lactic spots of Gilles, his defenders dominate concelebrating irremediably. Plato's Poetry.
The ancient quarrel between the philosophers and the poets concerns the meaning of life and death. In "disciplining" that power by expunging all the elements that work against the inculcation of the virtues of courage and moderation in the guardians, Socrates' "censorship" actually results in a purification of Homer that.
When we think of a philosophical analysis of poetry, something like a treatise on aesthetics comes to mind. At a minimum, Plato's polemic against the sophists was so persuasive that, in conjunction with a well established and ongoing popular hostility towards sophistry (a hostility of which Socrates was, ironically, also the object), we.
His analysis of sophisticated doubters is an analysis of platos stance against poetry impressive Stephen Greenblatt takes an adversarial stance to his. If so how much water are you diluting the shot glasses with?
The Way of Hermeneutics in Plato Plato’s Greatest Accusation against Poetry Plato’s analysis.
Literary Theory and Criticism. Literary Theory and Criticism; Unit1: Plato and Aristotle Aristotle replied to the charges made by his Guru Plato against poetry in particular and art in general. He replied to them one by one in his defence of poetry. If poetry, philosophy and ethics had identical function, how could they be different.Download