If applicable, authors may also wish to present counterarguments that temper the primary threats to validity they discuss. Writing the Discussion Section The purpose of the discussion is to give readers specific guidance about what was accomplished in the study, the scientific significance, and what research needs to be done next.
Examples Opening Paragraph -- restate RQ, then provide major result Overall, attitudes and perceptions of both urban and rural primary care patients in this sample show that they are generally receptive to the possibility of receiving medical and psychiatric services via telehealth.
Advanced Search Presenting Results Authors face the significant challenge of presenting their results in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology JPP completely, yet succinctly and writing a convincing discussion section that highlights the importance of their research.
However, our data contradict this explanation.
As is the case with recommendations for future research, the recommendations for clinical care should be as specific as possible. Given constraints on published text in JPP, tables and figures should always be used selectively and strategically. Study limitations often suggest important new research agendas that can shape the next generation of research.
For example, if a study was limited by a small sample but nonetheless demonstrated statistically significant findings with a robust effect size, this should be considered by reviewers.
Commonly identified threats to internal validity include issues related to study design, measurement, and statistical power. Research findings may have widely varied clinical implications. Discuss Study Limitations and Relevant Implications Authors can engage their readers most effectively with a balanced presentation that emphasizes the strengths yet also critically evaluates the limitations of their research.
Authors also should review the JPP website http: Nevertheless, descriptive research such as identification of factors that predict clinically relevant outcomes may have implications for targeting clinical assessment or interventions concerning such outcomes Drotar, These results are inconsistent with prior research indicating that interruptions negatively affect task performance.
Further Research Future research efforts are needed to develop effective strategies for improving the acceptability and ensuring the appropriate use of telehealth care for those patients who may be positioned to benefit from it.
For this reason, our managing editors will work with authors to determine which tables, analyses, and figures are absolutely essential to be included in the printed text version of the article versus those that are less critical but nonetheless of interest and can be posted on the JPP website in order to save text space.
In view of the potential problems associated with medication, the results of this study support the view that young people with OCD should, therefore, be offered CBT as the firstline treatment by child and adolescent mental health services.
For example, how do the findings shed light on important theoretical or empirical issues and resolve controversies in the field? This adds length to the manuscript, reduces reader interest, and detracts from the significance of the research. Finally, studies of diagnostic accuracy, including sensitivity and specificity of tests, should be reported in accord with the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy STARD Bossuyt et al.
These data are all the more encouraging in light of extant data, which suggests that attitudes toward mental health use are positively associated with actual service use e. Every study has limitations that readers need to consider in interpreting their findings.
Results can take the form of data, hypotheses, models, definitions, formulas, etc. Although the efficacy of exposure-based therapies in the treatment of PTSD is well established, there has been some reluctance to use these therapies in individuals with co-occurring SUDs because of fear that evoking vivid memories of trauma exposure would worsen substance use or lead to relapse or both.
The rationale for the choice of statistics and for relevant decisions within specific analyses should be described e. While the introduction starts generally and narrows down to the specific hypothesis, the discussion starts with the interpretation of the results, then moves outwards to contextualize these findings in the general field.
Providing a specific agenda for future research based on the current findings is much more helpful than general suggestions. Acknowledgments The hard work of Meggie Bonner in typing this manuscript and the helpful critique of the associate editors of Journal of Pediatric Psychology and Rick Ittenbach are gratefully acknowledged.Writing the Discussion Section.
The purpose of the discussion is to give readers specific guidance about what was accomplished in the study, the scientific significance, and what research needs to be done next. Statistical methods in psychology journals.
The Difficulties of Writing a Discussion Section.
In an ideal world, you could simply reject your null or alternative hypotheses according to the significance levels found by the statistics. That is the main point of your discussion section, but the process is usually a lot more complex than that. section. In some journals the conclusions section is a para- Things to Avoid When Writing the Discussion Overinterpretation of the Results It is easy to inflate the interpretation of the results.
Be How to Write an Effective Discussion. A Brief Guide to Writing the Psychology Paper The Challenges of Writing in Psychology a new page after the discussion section. The format empirical reports found in journals, though you may also cite literature reviews, chapters, or books from time to.
“Perceptions of the Difficulties of Postgraduate L2 Thesis Students Writing the Discussion Section.” Journal of English for Academic Purposes 5 (January ): ; Kretchmer, Paul. Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section.
The discussion section of an implications article does not discuss the research per se or the research findings themselves; rather, it discusses the implications and applications of everything that is known about the topic and how it informs general practice and suggests specific professional practices.Download